Looking for online definition of cardinal position of gaze in the Medical (in ophthalmology) one of six positions to which the normal eye may be turned. up temporal: superior rectus and the third cranial nerve; and (6) down temporal: inferior.
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The gaze position determines the effect of extraocular muscle contractions on the rotation of the eye. The different positions are primary gaze and the 6 cardinal. The affected eye cannot turn inward past the midline, nor can it turn upward past the midline. A similar situation is true for the left eye, pictured on the right. There eye 6 cardinal positions six principle version movements, where both eyes look or move together, in tandem, in the same direction, simultaneously:. Note both the direct response, that of the same eye, and the consensual response, that of the opposite eye. These are the six cardinal positions:. If pt is unconscious, check for and remove contacts. Cranial Nerves - Eye Movements and Eye Muscles - MEDZCOOL